June’s TomatoesPosted on : June 12, 2015
Finally! Some sun and no rain—oh no, hope I haven’t wished it away. My success at wishing for rain hasn’t been too stellar so maybe we WILL have a relatively mild and wet summer. The garden is currently a tomato jungle with rows that are becoming difficult to navigate and lots of tomato shoots to tie up. Unfortunately many of these “fall-out” shoots are coming out of the top of the cage—I need a sky hook! Production is generally good, but there are always a few laggards. Out of two six-foot Aunt Gertie’s Gold plants, I have one three-inch tomato and not many flowers either. It’s also been one of the worst varieties for Early Blight fungus. That one tomato better knock my socks off or it’s off my roster. Even after three sprays with fungicide I’m still getting Early Blight on the most susceptible varieties—most are heirlooms but a few hybrids also seem very prone to infection. I try to remove as many yellow leaves as possible and at least get them out of the garden.
Fixed my third BLT of the season recently using a beautiful Gregori’s Altai tomato. I’ve tried several times to grow Gregori’s tomato but the first time I think the seed was mixed up, second time, I planted late and it was a bad year, but my perseverance has been worth it. It has a juicy, melting flesh, just the right acidity and complex tomato sweetness. Of the two cages planted to Gregori’s Altai—one is loaded up (it’s actually several plants in a big cage) and the other looks like it may have a virus. The latter won’t stay around long. With forty-three varieties in the tomato patch, it should be a bountiful year of tasting and learning. The early tomatoes, thanks to the overly abundant rains, were a bit disappointing. I’m reserving judgment until I can try some under drier conditions as the first ones seemed to be”pumped up” with water. The following are some of my early impressions:
• Bush Champion has been very productive for a determinate variety but a poor substitute for the original Champion variety
• Red Mountain is gorgeous and productive – definitely “better than store bought”
• Pomona F1, an Italian hybrid that looks promising
• Matina is delicious but the skin is a bit tough
• Caiman (billed as an F1 organic) is big and delicious—p.s. it thrives on mushroom compost, soluble fertilizer and fungicide
• Sungold is still the standard I judge tomatoes by
• Pony Express and Corleone (Roma types) are likely very good for sauces but Viva Italia or Juliet are much better tasting
• Big Yummy is a very firm tomato but so far not very yummy
• Carmello F1 is back and good as ever
• Galina’s is a yellow Russian heirloom cherry that is very tasty
• Rosella is a burgundy cherry with excellent flavor—it’s a good rival for Sungold
• Indigo Kumquat, Sun Peach, Bumblebee Sunrise and Orange Zinger are pretty and interesting—more on the flavor later
It’s very tempting to harvest tomatoes at the first sign of color especially if you’re dealing with hungry critters and stinkbugs. You may have also heard that tomatoes ripen from the inside out—so why not get them out of harm’s way. They usually will reach full color on a kitchen counter or window sill if left long enough and if they don’t rot first (heirlooms with cracks are especially bad). Do you really get the best flavor this way?—maybe they aren’t much better than a green wrap variety gassed with ethylene to color up. I’ve selected two varieties—Gregori’s Altai and Tycoon, trying to pick three stages at the same time and I’ll taste test each as they reach full red color. I suspect the half-ripe stage will be OK and the full ripe may be enough better that it’s worth the fight to leave them on as long as possible. I should have an opinion—if not scientific fact—by next month.
Tamayo R, the first hybrid tomatillo, has been productive and the fruit are large and delicious. Ever wonder why your tomatillos won’t set fruit? Apparently individual plants are not self-fertile. If you have multiple plants—even of the same variety, they can cross-pollinate. There’s enough genetic difference in plants grown from seed to make the pollen acceptable. In other words—even stabilized varieties that appear to be identical are not genetic clones. If you’re growing tomatillos from cuttings, you may have problems. I also suspect that some varieties are poor producers regardless of how many plants you have. Toma Verde has been another good variety for us.
Advice on when to pick tomatillos usually varies from “wait until the husk turns brown” to “wait until it splits”. In our garden we just feel the husks to make sure the tomatillo is full size—they can have a full size husk and the fruit is the size of your thumb. Late flash—tomatillos may be the new trap crop for Leaf-footed stinkbugs as they seem to prefer them over tomatoes. I’ve also noticed that you can just about judge which tomatoes will have the best flavor based on which ones the stink bugs concentrate on.
We’ve made a couple of batches of green salsa cruda starting with a recipe we found online—must have been somebody from back East-it didn’t even include garlic or cilantro. The directions were helpful but the flavor was “Bleh”. We kicked it up a bunch with our version of the recipe as follows.
• ½ pound of tomatillos, rinsed after husks removed—5-9 depending on the size
• 1 – 2 jalapenos with seeds and cross walls (white stuff) removed for “twinky” guests or leave some cross wall intact and feel the heat! Serranos, NuMex chiles etc. can be added or substituted
• A couple of garlic cloves or one Elephant garlic clove, chopped
• ½ of a Texas SuperSweet or Grano onion—cut into chunks
• A good fistful of fresh cilantro—discard the larger stems and chop to ensure small leaves in the final product
• 1 level teaspoon of Cajun seasoning salt
• ½ teaspoon of cracked black pepper
• Juice of one large lime (or two Key limes)
• Some recipes include a teaspoon of sugar- If it needs sweetening, use Agave Nectar or maybe honey—not sure how much, maybe a squirt
• You may want to add a little water to the finished product if it’s too thick
Quarter and fry the tomatillos and chiles in a hot non-stick skillet—or use a little cooking spray and fry in a regular skillet. The tomatillos and chiles should have some black charring when finished. If the skillet isn’t hot to begin with or you try to use low heat you’ll stew the veggies and you really want to get blackened tidbits to flavor the salsa. Expect to stand over the skillet turning occasionally to keep from making charcoal, but some black on all sides is a good thing in this case (Hint: the cut side of the tomatillo turns black rather quickly). Some folks prefer roasting under a hot broiler and a charcoal grill would be excellent if you’re cooking steaks anyway. The garlic can be added chopped and raw or try toasting it in the oven without going to black as it may become bitter.
After cooling to a point that you won’t melt the food processing container, pulse the charred pieces then add the lime, onion, cilantro, salt and pepper and blend until “chip ready”. You can also put this salsa on fish, Spam, tofu—it’s likely you will have some on the front of your shirt depending on how many cervezas or margaritas you drink.
Written by Bill Adams
William D. (Bill) Adams is the author of numerous articles and his photos have been published in a number of magazines, calendars and books. He is the co-author/photographer of “Commonsense Vegetable Gardening for the South” with Tom LeRoy and he is the co-author of “The Lone Star Gardener’s Book of Lists” with Lois Trigg Chaplin. Bill and Tom also teamed up for another book—THE SOUTHERN KITCHEN GARDEN. Most recently Bill authored THE TEXAS TOMATO LOVER’S HANDBOOK a guide to growing the most delicious tomatoes on the planet. This latest book published by Texas A & M University Press. Bill worked in mass media most of his career appearing on radio and TV programs, and writing a weekly column. Adams also served as the Harris County Master Gardener Coordinator with over seven hundred active members. These days, after retiring from the Extension Service, Bill is concentrating his energies on gardening, writing and photography. He is a much-requested speaker at Garden and Civic Clubs and he is a regular contributor of articles and photography to Neil Sperry’s Gardens magazine. Bill has been a member of Garden Writers Assn. since 1972 and has served several terms as a Southern regional director.